Updated by Governance team in September 14, 2012

The focus group, conducted on the 13th of September, involving 6 elderly retired people recorded in the list of poor households, in the Duc Dien ward area, has provided the researchers with great insights about the current situation of the poor who are living in urbanisation time. The process lasted about 1 to 1,5 hours and every participants received a small compensation for their contribution. The following passage is a short summary of the post-focus group findings.


One of the first things discussed by the participants was regarding their current situation and the problems that they still have to face up till now. Many have claimed that they still have to face poverty and financial instability and the situation has not changed for the past 5-10 years. The various methods of support from the government have not been significant enough to make a change and provide opportunities for improvements and further developments. Any support that was present was from the government, while the help from various organisations and unions was pretty much absent.The participants also noted on the fact that nearly no financial or material support was provided during the times of crisis and emergencies, such as natural disasters or epidemics. Many also stated that age has been a significant factor limiting their betterment and that in time their situation is likely to become worse, as they all had to fend for and take care of themselves, while the constant monthly subsidies were only provided to those over 80 years old.


The second problem, mentioned multiple times, was in regards of the urbanisation of the rural area. The participants claimed that it did not really benefit them in any way. The land and area they possessed was claimed to become unusable and not fit for farming various crops,as urbanisation has dramatically changed the environment. Many have tried, but without much success as their efforts did not bare desired results or even lost their plantations. Selling harvest was their primary source of income.Therefore, the change in their ability to grow crops has cut that source off, leaving them much worse off than possibly without urbanisation.Problems regarding to the social security and environmental cleanliness have also become increasingly visible. For example thefts and burglaries, which were believed to be absent a decade ago, are now relatively prominent.


The third problem that was discussed was related to the prices of food products. The participants noted on the severe increase in prices over the past few years, as well as the reduction in their income from selling their harvest (the primary source of some), which did not reflect positively on their already problematic situation. The high prices have made them either to reduce or even to cease to consumer certain types of food. Some even stated that they only occasionally have meat in their meals. All respondents have expressed their desire to primarily eliminate this problem on top of other ones.


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